Are you an MBBS graduate and confused about what to opt for after that?  Some of the aspirants after MBBS start practicing medicine but others choose to specialize in a particular field. 
There is a really robust competition that runs in the medical industry. No scope for MBBS is there till they don’t have Specializations. Hence, after MBBS, it is necessary to specialize in a medical stream. As the population is increasing day by day the requirement for better and well-trained doctors is also increasing. Hence, MBBS aspirants pursue specialization and super-specialization.
At the end of MBBS is the time when one of the hardest decisions in your career. At this stage, you have to start thinking about the specialty you have to pursue. It can be a tough choice as you have over 60 specialties and over 30 subspecialties to consider after MBBS. In the third prof, most people start narrowing down their preferences.
When compared to the world, India produces the largest number of doctors. But after MBBS when it comes to specialization the seats available are even less than half as compared to the number of MBBS seats. In PG there are 42,182 (includes MD, MS, PG Diploma, and 9400 DNB /FNB seats ) seats up for lakhs of candidates who take various postgraduate entrances annually. 
Before delving into choosing the specialization after MBBS. The postgraduate medical education for broad specialties includes courses like MD, MS, PG Diploma, and DNB. The curriculum of the postgraduate medical degrees includes-
•         Theoretical knowledge
•         Practical and clinical skills
•         Thesis skills
•         Attitudes including communication skills
•         Training in research methodology
For being eligible for admission in a specialization degree like a Postgraduate diploma, MD, or MS it is important to note that one has to clear an entrance exam (NEET-PG, PGIMER, JIPMER PG, and AIIMS PG) to be eligible to get a post-graduation (PG) medical seat.
To make your vision clear have a look at each of these courses:
Doctor of Medicine- After MBBS, if you wish to practice as a physician, chose MD, which is generally considered a simple yet straightforward route by many in the medical community. This field does not require surgical skills. It will help you reach a wide range of patients. You can opt for any MD course from the given list:
•         MD in Anatomy
•         MD in Anesthesia
•         MD in Aerospace Medicine
•         MD in Biochemistry
•         MD in Pediatric 
•         MD in General medicine 
•         MD in Forensic Medicine
•         MD in Geriatrics
•         MD in Radiodiagnosis 
•         MD in Dermatology
•         MD in Ophthalmology
•         MD in Radiotherapy 
•         MD in sports medicine 
•         MD in Respiratory Medicine 
•         MD in psychiatry
•         MD in nuclear medicine 
Master of Surgery-MS is the degree that deals with surgery. This one requires to possess excellent physical and mental attributes. This is a field that requires discipline to work in harmony. It is also not for the faint of heart. Here are the various MS degrees one can choose after their MBBS:
•         MS Surgery 
•         MS Orthopedics 
•         MS ENT
•         MS Ophthalmology
•         MS Obstetrics Gynecology 
PG Diploma- Apart from MD/MS, you can also pursue post-graduate diploma courses. Diploma courses are of 2 years duration. Diploma courses don’t command the same recognition from medical institutions that MD/MS and DNB degrees provide.
•         PG Diploma in Clinical Pathology
•         PG Diploma in Anesthesia
•         PG Diploma in Health Education
•         PG Diploma in ENT
•         PG Diploma in DVL
•         PG Diploma in Occupational Health
•         PG Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynecology
•         PG Diploma in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
•         PG Diploma in Pulmonary medicine
•         PG Diploma in Sports Medicine
•         PG Diploma in Hospital Administration
•         PG Diploma in Immunohematology
•         PG Diploma in Microbiology
•         PG Diploma in Pediatrics
•         PG Diploma in Psychiatry
•         PG Diploma in Pathology
•         PG Diploma in Nuclear medicine
•         PG Diploma in Radiotherapy
•         PG Diploma in Sports Medicine
DNB- Diplomate of National Board (DNB) is a program by the central government that offers PG courses on various medical specializations. There are very few who crack DNB exams because these are tough to crack. By clearing DNB exam, you can pursue medical or surgical super specializations courses like Cardiac Anaesthesia, Neurology, Cardiology. Furthermore, Neonatology also falls under Medical Super Specializations. Besides, Courses like Neurosurgery, Paediatric Surgery, and Plastic Surgery fall under Surgical Super Specializations. After your MBBS as 6-year courses, you can pursue some of these Super Specializations directly.
The medical field is a diverse field that has a vast range of career options available. Before selecting your field after MBBS one must also take a sigh on various things. He/ she must research while making a decision. Because it is very necessary to choose a branch for which you have passion and curiosity. Because this is a long-run decision that can change your life forever. While researching various branches it is important to find the key differences between them. Like for MS surgical expertise and skills are needed. Although, both the fields have a good scope in future. They are equally good but when it comes to financial things surgical specialties are more rewarding. You should also see the scope of the selected branch in the state or country you wish to serve. And as we all know, technology is emerging day by day, which will also positively impact the future of the medical industry. It enhances the future of the medical industry with new methods.
Hence, one should choose and get enrolled in the right branch because this is what determines your success in the future.